Vulnerability and violence to HIV/Aids in young homosexuals and bisexuals

Vulnerability and violence to HIV/Aids in young homosexuals and bisexuals

Physical physical Violence and vulnerability to HIV/Aids in young homosexuals and bisexuals to learn the perceptions of young people who identify by themselves as homosexuals or bisexuals on experienced violence and determine correlations that are possible vulnerability to HIV/Aids.

Descriptive research by having a qualitative approach, with the social representation concept as well as the idea of vulnerability with thematic content analysis, carried call at the immunodeficiency condition control center of the general public college into the Southeast area of Brazil, which supplied multidisciplinary care to HIV/Aids clients. Thirteen seroconverted people that are young between 13 and 24 years took part in the analysis. The choice criterion ended up being guys whom identified on their own as homosexuals or bisexuals, based on terminology utilized in the Epidemiologic Bulletin on Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS of this Ministry that is brazilian of.

Four thematic groups were found: “homophobia and bullying”, “sexual, domestic, and institutional violence”, “search for support”, and “love and passion”.

Young homosexuals and bisexuals experienced repeated situations of punishment throughout youth and adolescence, seeing intimate, domestic, and institutional physical violence as the essential painful and hard to confront, and which correlate to vulnerability to HIV/Aids.

Illness by the immunodeficiency that is human (HIV) has documents of the historic series in Brazil since 1984. Right from the start regarding the epidemic as much as the present times, significant epidemiological modifications had been based in the populace impacted. When you look at the very first ten years, with little knowledge on HIV and Aids, adult homosexuals, injection medication users, and intercourse employees were the absolute most predominant, representing a lot more than 70% regarding the notified situations. In mid 1990, the disease became frequent among heterosexual both women and men with low income and training degree. Afterwards, older people additionally became target of this HIV because of factors that are several such as for instance escalation in durability, not enough information, and private values distinct from safe intercourse methods. ( 1 , 2 )

Among kiddies, notification situations had been constantly increasing, specially connected with straight transmission. But, at the time of 2009, a change that is new the epidemiological profile of HIV/Aids had been discovered. The notifications revealed a significant enhance among homosexual and bisexual males aged between 13 and 24 years. How many notifications nevertheless continues to be in a growing curve before the year that is current. ( 1 ) This aspect has triggered shock and concern in scientists, educators, activists, and medical experts, such as for instance nurses whom offer care to those young adults. ( 3 5 ) Concerns are specifically directed towards vulnerability of the populace, whom, unlike the elderly and young ones, has knowledge and quick access to information about preventive measures to HIV/Aids.

Numerous researchers bring nuances in their studies, in the circumstances of physical violence into the life of young adults; nonetheless, without further deepening and gaps that are leaving the relationship of physical physical violence utilizing the vulnerability of teenage boys that have intercourse with males. ( 3 7 ) consequently, the after concern emerges: “Does physical physical violence, with its different kinds, make young homosexuals and bisexuals in danger of HIV/Aids?” Consequently, the objective of the writers associated with the study that is present to understand the perceptions of young adults who identify by themselves as homosexuals or bisexuals on experienced violence and recognize feasible correlations with vulnerability to HIV/Aids.

A descriptive research having an approach that is qualitative carried call at the immunodeficiency condition control center of a general general public college within the Southeast area of Brazil, which supplies multidisciplinary care to HIV/Aids clients.

The social representation theory in addition to idea of vulnerability were utilized as theoretical framework that is methodological. The very first seeks knowledge descends from lifestyle to manage a specific topic, rendering it familiar, as well as searching for proportions associated with the imaginary and affective, transcending dichotomy between cognition and feeling. ( 8 ) The second examines early speeches of vulnerability to HIV, understanding them and producing substrates to intervene on it in the three interdependent plans proposed: specific, social, and programmatic. ( 9 )

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